Female Cats vs. Male Cats: The Differences You Need to Know

Female cats are usually smaller and less aggressive than male cats, while males typically weigh more, have longer fur coats, and are more assertive. In addition, there are many significant differences between female and male cat behavior. For instance, female cats may be more laid back and independent than male cats, which could lead them to be protective of their territory or food sources.

Remarkable Differences Between Female and Male Cats

There are a few notable differences between male and female cats in their appearance. For example, male cats typically have longer fur coats than females, while female cats may have shorter hair that’s often more curly or wavy.


In coat color, most male cats are either black or brown (or some variation thereof), but some males fall outside these primary colors.

As for tabby patterns, they can be very varied too – from almost solid colored to ones with spots (stripes). And as far as coat types go, short-haired cats tend to have wiry coats, while long-haired ones often have profusely bushy fur.

On the other hand, female cats typically have shorter hair than male cats. This may be due to differences in testosterone and estrogen levels, which can impact the development of female reproductive organs.

Female cats are slimmer and tend to have softer coats than males. They also often have more fat under their skin than male cats, which helps them retain body heat during colder weather conditions.


In cats, the main difference between the two sexes is in the size and shape of their genitals. Female cats have a vagina smaller than a male cat’s penis, while males typically have larger penises due to increased testosterone levels. Additionally, female felines are usually born with fully developed vaginas, whereas males often require some time before they mature sexually.

Male cats typically have two penis structures: a penile papilla and a hemipenis. The former is shorter, flatter, and smaller than the latter; in some cases, both forms may be present on the same cat; this occurs most frequently with Long-haired cats (similar to Persians).

The male reproductive system consists of two testes just behind each kidney (just below your waistline) and a small prostate gland near the opening of the urethra. These organs produce sperm, fertilizing an egg inside one of your female cat’s oviducts during copulation.

Meanwhile, there are many types of female cats, and their genitalia can vary in several ways. As with any animal, the specifics of a cat’s genitalia will depend on its breed and heritage.

One thing to note is that most female cats have two vulvas: one external and one internal.


Male cats are more active than females and have higher energy levels. This means they’re typically better candidates for households with children or dogs but can also be boisterous if left unsupervised.

Female cats tend to be more sedentary than males, which may lead them to do less damage if they’re allowed outside.


Male cats can be aloof, independent, or even aggressive. Regarding personality traits, males can fall anywhere on this spectrum. They may scratch you and hiss at each other when feeling territorial.

In the wild, male cat’s typically hunt smaller prey than their female counterparts, so if your cat behaves like this, it could be because he feels threatened by something in your home or neighborhood.

A female cat, on the other hand, is affectionate and loving. She loves to be around her family and enjoys being petted. Her favorite activities may include playing with her toys or cuddling up next to her humans on the couch at night. While she can be feisty when feeling threatened, she mostly wants love and attention.

Females generally tend toward being docile (shy around new people) but can also be outgoing (more gregarious).

Social Behavior

Male cats are typically more social and playful than female cats. They’ll often spend more time playing with toys, chasing each other around, and wrestling – activities that can be fun for you and your cat.

Female cats also communicate differently than males; they’ll hiss, swat at things., or meow as a way of issuing commands. Males often vocalize through growling instead.


Female cats are typically more independent than male cats. They’ll often spend less time around people, preferring to stay in the corner of the room or on a nearby cat tree. This can mean they may be less inclined to follow you or spend as much time with you as a male cat.

Urine Marking

Male cats spray urine to mark their territory and express dominance over other males. Female cats may also spray urine to keep their area, but it is typically less frequent.

Male cats urinate in various locations, but most do so by spraying a fine stream from the tip of their penis toward an object such as another cat’s food bowl. This marking is usually done to communicate with other cats and show them that this area is under ownership.

Female cat urine marking is a behavior that can be both annoying and territorial. For example, cat urine has a distinctive smell that may signal other cats in their owner’s territory that this area is theirs.

Female cats sometimes spray to mark areas such as doorways or windows to express excitement, anger, fear, or sexual interest. In most cases, a female cat peeing outside should not be considered an emergency but more akin to your average litter box problem – you’ll need some patience. At the same time, she gets used to using another location!