Are Scottish Folds Healthy: What You Need to Know About Your Scottish Fold’s Health

Scottish Folds can be generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be prone to specific health issues. Some common health issues seen in Scottish Folds include osteochondrodysplasia, which affects the bones and cartilage and can cause arthritis and joint pain; ear infections; heart problems; respiratory issues due to their flat face and short nose; and skin allergies.

Health Concerns for Scottish Fold Cats


According to the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, Osteochondrodysplasia is a genetic health concern in cat breeds that causes problems with cartilage development. The cartilage in cats’ joints can become abnormal, leading to pain and difficulty moving around. Osteochondrodysplasia also often results in arthritis, which can be painful and debilitating for the cat.

Since Scottish fold cats are genetically predisposed to developing osteochondrodysplasia, they are at higher risk of developing health problems than other cat breeds. Fortunately, there is no known cure for osteochondrodysplasia. Treatment options include surgery to remove damaged cartilage or arthritis medication to help manage the symptoms.


Scottish fold cats are prone to developing arthritis, a condition in which the cartilage in the cat’s joints deteriorates and cause pain and increased joint movement. It affects an estimated 20-30% of cats over the age of 8, but this varies and can depend on several factors, such as breed, weight, and overall health. The most common joints affected by arthritis in cats are the knees, elbows, and spine. 

Scottish fold cats are particularly susceptible to developing arthritis as they have a genetic mutation that makes them more likely to develop osteoarthritis. This type of arthritis causes severe pain for the cat, making it difficult for them to move around and causing them to lose their appetite.


Scottish fold cats are also prone to developing cardiomyopathy, a degenerative heart condition. Cardiomyopathy can cause shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and an increased heart rate in your cat. Therefore, keeping your cat active is essential, providing them with a healthy diet with enough protein and Omega-3 fatty acids to support their health. 

If your cat shows any signs of cardiomyopathy, it’s essential to schedule regular veterinary visits to check for the disease and treat any underlying problems. This will help ensure your cat continues to have a healthy heart and stay active in their older years.


Scottish Fold cats are prone to obesity due to their high energy levels and penchant for food. How big do Scottish Fold cat get? The size of an obese Scottish Fold cat can vary, as it depends on several factors such as genetics, overall health, diet, and exercise. Obese Scottish fold cats are at increased risk for health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, and joint pain. To keep your cat healthy and happy, it’s essential to implement simple strategies, such as ensuring that they exercise regularly and limiting their food intake. 

If you are concerned about your cat’s weight, discuss ways to reduce calories with your veterinarian. In addition to exercise and a balanced diet, it’s also helpful to give your cat plenty of quality catnip or other feline treats to keep them occupied and happy. By taking these steps, you can help ensure the long-term health of your Scottish fold cat.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Scottish fold cats are known to be prone to developing polycystic kidney disease (PKD), a severe illness that can affect their kidneys and lead to death. Scottish fold cats are particularly susceptible to PKD, and the gene mutation that causes the disease has been found in these cats predominantly in North America.

The mutation is passed from cat to cat; as a result, Scottish fold cats are genetically predisposed to developing the disease. There is no known cure for PKD, but treatment options include medications and dialysis. These treatments help manage the symptoms of the disease and may prolong the cat’s life with PKD. 

Ear Mites

Scottish Fold cats are known for their folded ears, making them particularly vulnerable to ear mites, a common cat health problem. Ear mites are tiny parasitic insects that can cause inflammation and infection in the cat’s ears. Left unchecked, ear mite infestation can lead to severe hearing loss in Scottish Fold cats. 

In addition to causing hearing problems, ear mites carry other diseases, such as feline leukemia and lymphoma. If not treated, ear mites can spread rapidly and destroy the health of your cat’s ear tissue. To prevent ear mites, keep your cat’s ears clean and dry, and apply medication as your veterinarian prescribes.

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a severe disease that can lead to many cat health problems. It is a type of diabetes caused by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or the hormone that regulates blood sugar. Symptoms of diabetes in a cat may include excessive thirst, vomiting, and weight loss. If you notice these signs in your cat, you must take them to the veterinarian for an evaluation.

In some cases, cat owners may be able to manage their cat’s diabetes by monitoring their food intake and administering low-dose insulin injections. However, if the cat has experienced health problems related to diabetes, it is best to consult with a veterinarian and begin treatment as soon as possible.

Exercise Requirements of a Scottish Fold

Scottish Folds are known for their playful and energetic personalities, so it’s crucial to provide them with regular exercise and physical activity to keep them healthy and happy. This can include interactive play sessions with toys, climbing and jumping exercises, and regular playtime outside (if it is safe for them to do so). 

Scottish Folds also enjoy exploring and investigating their environment, so providing them with plenty of toys and scratching posts can help keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

It’s also essential to monitor their food intake and body weight, as they can be prone to obesity. In addition, regular exercise can help maintain a healthy weight and prevent other health problems like joint issues and heart disease.

It’s recommended to provide at least 20-30 minutes of physical activity and playtime each day, but this may vary depending on your cat’s energy level and needs. Always supervise your Scottish Fold during playtime and make sure they have a safe and secure area.